port wine stain

Port wine stain or nevus flammeus is a rather darker birthmark - a type of hemangioma - that can be deep red to purple (or even black in African-American babies). It often affects the facial region. It has a more leathery or thickened surface than a stork bite and does not fade, but will require removal if disfiguring. Port wine stains on the face in the area of distribution of the trigeminal nerve (forehead and cheekbone on one side around the eye) are sometimes a sign of more serious blood vessel malformations within the brain. For this reason children with this type of birthmark will undergo further testing, usually neurological consultation and CT or MRI scanning.

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