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A febrile seizure is a seizure caused by sudden elevation of the body temperature in a child in the proper age range, generally six months to three years old (some authorities extend the age range a bit but not beyond five or six years). Points about febrile seizures:
If this happens to your child, since you don't know what's going on when the seizure starts and you don't know how long the seizure will last, you'd better take the child to the emergency room. After exam and any lab tests, if it is clear that only a febrile seizure was involved, the doctor will probably let your child go home on whatever medicine is appropriate for the infection that caused the fever and will recommend some pretty aggressive fever control.
Febrile seizures are almost never treated. After the first febrile seizure, the risk of another one is about 1/3. After a second febrile seizure, the risk of further febrile seizure is about 1/2. The risk of progression to epilepsy (repeated non-febrile seizures) is about 3% by 7 years of age. This risk is increased if there are any relatives with epilepsy, if the child has any other nervous system problems, or if the febrile seizures are complex (not the usual grand mal type).